Makira Natural Park

Created in 2012, Makira Natural Park is Madagascar’s largest terrestrial Category II protected area covering 372,470 hectares of low and mid-altitude rainforest.

The importance of this Park lies in its exceptional biodiversity and levels of species endemism, which is amongst the highest in the country:

  • more than 60 species of mammals, including 17 lemur species (4 critically endangered)
  • more than 120 species of birds
  • more than 200 species of reptiles and amphibians
  • more than 450 species of plants

WCS manages Makira Natural Park on behalf of the Government of Madagascar and in collaboration with 75 community associations that manage the community forest around the Park.

The Park provides natural resources and ecological services to the surrounding population of around 90,000 people, including land for agriculture, timber, bushmeat, non-timber forest products, and water supply.

Conservation targets

  • Dense humid forest ecosystems
  • Forest corridors: Vohitaly, Ampoahantsatroka, Maintimbato, Ambavala, Besariaka, and Lokaitra
  • Diurnal and cathemeral lemur species:
    White-fronted Brown Lemur (Eulemur albifrons)
    Common Brown Lemur (Eulemur fulvus)
    Red-bellied Lemur (Eulemur rubriventer)
    Western lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur occidentalis)
    Indri (Indri indri)
    Red-ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra) [read more]
    Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata subcincta)
    Silky Sifaka (Propithecus candidus) [read more]
  • Indri <i>(Indri indri)</i>
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  • Growing demands for agricultural land for slash-and-burn rice production (tavy) from communities living around the protected area
  • illegal logging and mining
  • unsustainable hunting of endemic species primarily for subsistence needs of households

Our responses

WCS has developed a holistic, multi-faceted approach to ensure the protection of the biodiversity that is found in Makira Natural Park while simultaneously improving the wellbeing of local populations.

Makira is also a functioning REDD+ project that sells emission reduction credits on the voluntary markets with revenues from sales used to finance Park management and community development activities around the Park.

Quick facts [read more]